Most people think that agoraphobia is "fear of the marketplace" because that is the pure translation of its root words.
Agoraphobia often does cause those who have it to stay away from crowded places and linger close to home. But the driving cause is usually fear of having a panic attack - especially somewhere far from help or where escape would be difficult.
Panic attacks are distressing experiences. Most people report having a rapid pounding heartbeat, dizziness, extreme anxiety and paralyzing sense of doom.
For some these symptoms come out of nowhere - for others there are specific triggers - often related to where previous experiences of panic have occurred.
The key to recovery is to learn to not fear the panic but to go with it.
Have you had success with beating agoraphobia? What did you do?